Several causes that cause spine pain

Several causes that cause spine pain

October 4, 2023

Several causes that cause spine pain

The spine is divided into 33 vertebral boundaries, discs, spinal nerves, and nerve fibers. The spine is also supported by three types of muscles, namely extensors (back muscles and gluteal muscles), flexors (abdominal muscles and iliopsoas muscles), and obliques or rotators (side muscles).

Spinal pain usually occurs due to trauma or sudden injury or excessive use over a long period of time. This causes the muscle fibers (ligaments) to stretch abnormally, possibly cramping, tightening, twisting, or tearing. Muscles that are stretched due to injury or repeated use can cause swelling of the soft tissue around them. This infection causes the spine to feel sore due to muscle spasms. Spinal pain can also be caused by nerve problems, such as sciatica pain. A pinched nerve in the back can cause pain that spreads from the spine to the extremities of the body or chest wall. What causes spinal pain, whether in the neck, lower or upper back, or tail, can also originate from a number of other situations, for example:

1. Spinal abnormalities

The normal shape of the spine is parallel to the plate downwards and slightly curved. This natural curve helps shape and align your body. However, when the curve is really excessive or makes it crooked, this is a sign that there is a deviation in the spine, such as lordosis, kyphosis, or scoliosis. This shape problem will put excessive pressure on the spinal segments and discs, causing pain.

2. Broken bones

Physical injuries that cause spinal fractures can cause pain. The negative impact of broken bones can increase due to certain clinical conditions, such as osteoporosis which can make bones weaken and become brittle.

3. Degradation of the disc or spinal discs

Degradation of spinal discs occurs due to aging or worn bones. However, this condition can also occur more quickly due to injury, bone disease, and unusual depression. Discs in the spine that experience degeneration can interfere with the spinal nerves, so that they become unstable. This condition can cause pain in your spine.

4. Herniated disc

A herniated disc or disc herniation is a change or rupture of the cushioning gel that is between the spinal discs. This problem can cause excessive pressure on the spinal nerves. Excessive pressure on the spinal column can cause pain and numbness in the waist and lower back. Some people may feel weakness in the back and legs.

5. Stenosis

Stenosis is a narrowing of the spine that can put pressure on the spinal cord and cause pain and other symptoms.

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